All You Need to Know About the Causes & Symptoms of Today’s Common STDs
With statistics now showing a shocking 1 in 2 people will contract at least one sexually transmitted disease (STD) before reaching the tender age of just 25, it’s pretty obvious these sex infections are more prevalent than ever.
As so many STD’s involve very few signs, identifying whether you actually have one in the first place can be difficult. But if left completely untreated, some can have detrimental notations on your body – with some resultants being irremediable.
So if you’re sexually dynamic, it’s essential you not only get clued-up on the most common STDs you could be at risk of catching, but are aware of how to get them successfully treated.
What actually is a sexually transmitted disease?
Also known colloquially as a sexually-transmitted infection (STI), these bundles of unhappiness are caused by specific bacteria or parasites transferred from person-to-person via any kind of sexual act – not just penetrative intercourse.
Whilst certain infections have notable symptoms that arise relatively quickly after transmission, there are plenty that present themselves with virtually no indication whatsoever. If this seems sneaky, it's because it is!
So, if you’ve contracted a symptomless STD you may not even realize you have one. This is incredibly risky as you could unknowingly be passing your infection to others if continuing to have unprotected sex without getting tested. This is why proofing is so heartily recommended.
Signs are likely to be more unusual than uncomplex things like paresthesia (numbness), fasciculation (twitching), crepitus (cracking), or transient lingual papillitis.
Caused by bacteria, gonorrhea can be transmitted via vaginal, oral and anal sex within both males and females. Typically, this affects the urethra, anus and gullet or esophagus.
Often presenting very few symptoms, this STI is obscured.
However, if symptoms are going to appear, women generally experience burning when urinating, creamy or sloppy vaginal discharge, and even a robust abdominal cramping. Men also usually abide painful urination as well as penial discharge and swollen joints.
If not treated, gonorrhea can shoot you toward catching HIV and can render you unfertile, irrespective of identity. Men may also see pockmarks of their urethra, and a female’s fallopian tubes can also become disfigured, no longer plump, rubbery, and smooth.
Hands-down one of the most common affecting today’s men and women, chlamydia is becoming eponymous. Bacterial in nature, this STI can be interfaced vaginally, anally and even orally.
Pegged as one of the most prevalent "hidden" STDs, chlamydia sporadically displays symptoms. And if they arise, it’s usually not until at least a few weeks after contract threshold.
In men, stock symptoms typically include discharge from the urethra, enlarged testicles and a burning sensation when peeing. And for women, you may experience abnormal bleeding between menstruating, excess discharge and painful urination.
If left untreated, chlamydia can cause infertility in both men and women, and even induce multiple infections to babies born to chlamydia-suffering mothers.
Complete with two distinctive types, herpes is categorized as a viral disease. Oral herpes (HSV type 1) is responsible for affecting the mouth and causing issues such as cold sores, and genital herpes (HSV type 2) is present around the entire genitals.
This virus can be transmitted via multiple methods – kissing, oral sex and full intercourse. Whilst sometimes not presenting noticeable signs like other STDs discussed, if herpes does exhibit symptoms they can be severe.
Generally involving painful blisters throughout the affected area, this problem can also produce an intense burning sensation, swollen groin, aching muscles and even a fever.
Unlike other common STIs, herpes is relatively unpredictable making it almost impossible to accurately suggest how it will manifest if left untreated. Sufferers may experience just one major breakout with the virus remaining dormant thereafter, whereas others may get frequent outbreaks of a severe nature.
Even if you’re not experiencing any current symptoms, it’s crucial to get checked on a consistent basis if you’re having regular unprotected sex with multiple partners. You’re not only putting your sexual health at dramatic risk, but you’re also posing increased risk to other people if you remain unchecked.
An STD test is relatively straightforward for both men and women, and simply involves things like genital swabs, urine samples and potentially blood being taken. You can achieve a full STI check if you simply visit your GP and explain your concerns.